Dean MacCannell nicely captured an aspect of this problem in his concept ” staged authenticity.” This term refers to the staging of local culture to create an. Loading data.. Open Bottom Panel. Go to previous Content Download this Content Share this Content Add This Content to Favorites Go to next Content. ← →. This chapter reviews the staged authenticity in cultural arrangements beyond tourism and the implications of this relocation, also exploring Dean MacCannell.

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Through this process, they can neatly package their culture into an easily digestible format that does not offend tribal members nor overwhelm their visitors [ 36 ]. Lastly, contrary to the many potential negative cultural impacts of tourism cited in current literature, tour operators are positive about the effect tourism has had on their culture so far. In this study, the indigenous operators stressed the importance of protecting sites that would be inappropriate to share with outsiders or with specific gender.

Ann Jose ankara escort. Ideally, Indigenous tourism is a niche market or special interest sector, which includes a wide range of experiences, built around tourists visitations. One respondent stated that they would only purchase artifacts and artwork if the pieces came with documentation certifying the item was created by an Aboriginal artist.

Goffman was meticulous in explaining how much of humanity hangs on the separation of front and back.

Cultures can also become crushed by the sheer number of tourists that flock to popular destinations [ authenicity ]. This chapter reviews the staged authenticity in cultural arrangements beyond tourism and the implications authrnticity this relocation, also exploring the fragile membrane guarding the back as described by Erving Goffman, some consequences of its violation by tourists, and the social and human impacts of its putative removal across the board.

Hence, balancing visitor expectations of authentic cultural portrayal, and the need for the Aboriginal people to keep their sacred information secret, will almost always result in contested ethos of cultural authenticity.

For example, Stagwd argues that the dilemma of artificiality saged authenticity can be solved by pretending one believes in the performance one gives. The results showed that tourists place a high value on authenticity and the majority of them who had participated in an indigenous experience were satisfied with its level of authenticity. We found evidence of this in this study, where one of the businesses we visited was working to modernize its display of culture and explained the difficulty in maintaining cultural authenticity while authdnticity working to increase visitor numbers.

Home Publications Conferences Register Contact. California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. A semistructured survey questionnaire was used to gather information from visitors while interviews with Aboriginal tourism operators tended to maccannnell more unstructured.


They want their tourism venture to be a source of pride for the entire community and to be something of which the younger generation can aspire to be a part. Indigenous tourism business interviewees were selected based on their knowledge of the organization they were working for length of employment.

However, some of them had been brought up outside the indigenous cultural set up. The prolonged survival of the community and the preservation of their culture depend on their ability to keep some elements of their culture private [ 10 ].

Fortunately, tourism provides an avenue for communities to correct these misconceptions and demonstrate that authenitcity alcoholics seen in the larger towns are not representative of the overall population. This means that they had little cultural exposure when they were growing up; reasons of which are outside the scope of this paper.

Staged Authenticity Today

That is, if culture is presented appropriately, education can reduce stereotypes and prejudices [ 910 ]. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

In regard to the use of the term authenticity, we are aware of the multiplicity of meaning under negotiation at any given discussion about authenticity. The rest of the groups required to obtain approval for all cultural presentations from the elders.

Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world market today.

Staged Authenticity Today – California Scholarship

As one participant stated, they do not expect tourism to have any negative impact on their culture as long as they retain control of the venture. Acceding to the Imaginary 10 The Bilbao Effect: Research Article Open Access. Clearly, the development of culturally appropriate indigenous tourism experiences can be tremendously difficult. Incidentally, since any presentation of culture outside its traditional context can betray cultural heritage, those opposed to indigenous tourism also accuse its practitioners of the unlawful sale of cultural traditions and practices [ 8 ].

This study has found that the vast majority of tourists considered their indigenous cultural experiences to be authentic. Publications Pages Publications Pages.

Real (or) Staged? Authenticity and Cultural Portrayal in Indigenous Tourism

It is noted that prisons are actually more crowded, violent, and disease ridden than they have ever been. And as Theodossopoulos asserts, authentic portrayal of indigenous cultures is inherently difficult to balance with modernization and lifestyle changes within the community [ 6 ]. Instead, the independent indigenous tour operators see visitors as a way to make money while still remaining on their ancestral lands and continuing to engage in their traditional practices and belief systems [ 38 ].


The shifting positions in perception, within the authenticinauthentic spectrum, between visitors and indigenous tourism operators, calls for the exploration of the question of how contemporary socio-economic processes of commodification, corporatization and globalisation has affected cultural portrayal, and hence authenticity.

Their right to decide on how their cultural heritage is portrayed, must at all-time be respected [ 27 ]. Literature often cites rituals as bearing the brunt of tourisms negative impacts. Clearly, many of the performers had minimal understanding of their own culture, but were very eager to learn and reconnect with it.

Towards this end, the government has been encouraging the development of indigenous cultural tourism in regional and remote areas of Australia, so that indigenous communities may capitalise on their local natural and cultural assets [ 12 ].

The study demonstrated that, whereas tourists were concerned about authenticity of cultural presentations in restaurant experiences, their construction of what constitutes real African culture were extremely fluid and differed significantly with that of the local people.

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language. It poses the same ability to recreate history and customs as early forms of imperial exploitation and, therefore, presents a brand new host of challenges to communities in terms of maintaining power and identity [ 37 ]. Some of the operators explained that they do not share cultural information pertaining to the use of medicinal plants in their territories as doing so would compromise their cultural intellectual property rights.

Don’t have an account? The need to pass down stories from one generation to the next has also been revived since their children must learn their ancestral history if they too are to be successful in the tourism trade.

In addition, there was a marked preference for purchasing souvenirs directly from the communities that produced them. CDs and DVDs were barely selected at all. Tourists are more likely to resort to make-believe to overlook any shortcomings in order to have an authentic experience [ 18 ], which could explain why there were an overwhelming number of authentic responses in this study. The study further found that the use of theatrical effects in cultural presentations was viewed negatively by tourists.

This study sought to examine the perceptions of authenticity in cultural portrayals of Aboriginal tourism in far north Queensland. When this happens, the rituals can become divorced from their original cultural significance [ 14 ]. When adapted for touristic displays, rituals frequently are shortened, embellished, or, in some instances, completely invented in order to meet public demand [ 38 ].